The process of import and export operations is somewhat difficult, as it requires a knowledge of the regulations and rules of countries. So, Understanding the definition and the differences between the three most important roles involved in an import transaction is helpful, namely the importer of record/declarant, the exporter, and the consignee.

Importer of record/declarant

Because each importer of record and consignees deal with manufactured goods, many people have misconceptions about their roles. There is, however, a difference in meaning and the services.

the record importer or the declarant is the significant role that is required by customs compliance. The record importer is an individual or a company authorized to act as an “importer” to supply a country with goods or services.

The designated record importer is the person or entity responsible for ensuring that the import transaction conforms to all the regulations, that the goods are properly valued that the taxes and charges concerned are paid correctly, and that all documentation and permits are filed correctly.

Here we can find the differences, the customs laws of the various countries are known to the Importer of Record IOR, as they take care of imports to various coastlines.

Features of record importers and Who could serve as it?

There are different requirements between countries for who can act as record importers. Interestingly, a consignee can also be a record importer (IOR). But it provides only the purpose of any person or company.

It is sometimes necessary, in particular, to appoint an agent, broker, or other law entity in the country of destination in less straightforward transactions, to act on behalf of the importer of records.

Exporter of record:

The legal export company for goods from a country is an Exporter of the Record EOR. The exporter or register is, in many cases, also the supplier and can also be the owner of the goods. The exporter can return the products to the manufacturer or provide a customer.  The exporter could also be a provider to export new products to its customers.

the Exporter of Record’s responsibilities

  • Adherence for the export of those goods to the customs processes required in this country. All the necessary export clearance documents such as licenses and permits should be available and a clear and accurate description and value of the exported goods should be provided.
  • In the event of an infringement of conformity procedures or regulations, the Record Exporter may face severe financial or criminal liability sanctions or both. If the EOR even knows that there has been negligence or an infringement and does not take action to resolve or report it, they face the same level of sanction.
  • The Exporter of Record is responsible for the failure of the goods to reach their destination. In addition, the Exporter of Record shall be liable for any economic consequences for the recipient if the delivery is not made or if the shipment is not delivered on time.
  • An EOR must also provide a shipping agent with detailed information concerning a shipment if one participates in the transaction.


Who Is The Consignee?

The consignee is the person who receives the package and is normally the owner of the products. The consignee is the party that assumes possession of the products after they have passed through customs. The consignee is generally the party who pays import duties and taxes in a simple import/export trade.

The consignee doesn’t need to be a government-registered importer. Whereas cargo forwarding is used in a shipment, the MAWB or MBL’s consignee may be the freight forwarder rather than the final customer of goods.

How is it that the consignor differs from the consignor?

The key issues that distinguish between the two terms are:

  • A consignor has in a document drawn up by the carrier or the carrier always a consignee and a destination company.
  • The consignor shall send a consignment whereas the consignee shall be the receiver.
  • The consignee may be a buyer or just an officer acting on behalf of the consignor.
  • The goods are owned or delivered by the consignment until the merchandise has been paid in full by the consignor.

Conclusion: Difference between consignee and importer

In simple terms, the Importer of Record takes legal responsibility for the imported goods, covering any applicable taxes or duties, a duty usually not shared by the consignee. The specifics of the Importer of Record and consignee roles can vary based on the shipment’s particular requirements.

Want to learn more about the import and Export glossary?


Is the consignee the importer of record?

In simpler terms, the consignee, which could be you—the buyer of goods from overseas or the person who made the booking—is the one designated as the importer of record for your shipment. This role includes the responsibility of settling duties and any additional freight charges.

Can the exporter be the importer of record?

The aim of both EOR (Exporter of Record) and IOR (Importer of Record) is to facilitate the smooth movement of goods or services from one country to another. However, it’s crucial to understand the distinction between the two lies in their application. EOR services come into play when dealing with exported goods, while IOR services come into play when handling imported goods.